In early August, Wisconsin health officials urged people in the Badger State to refrain from using

In early August, Wisconsin health officials urged people in the Badger State to refrain from using vape products. A mysterious illness had stricken 11 teens and young adults who were hospitalized with severe lung disease. At the time, Wisconsin’s health department had little information about why these young people were experiencing “unexplained breathing problems.” Less than a week later, reports of new illnesses popped up in neighboring Illinois and Minnesota and as far away as California, according to an Aug. 14 New York Times article. During the next two months, health officials attributed hundreds of new cases, including dozens of deaths, to e-cigarette use and vape products containing THC. As of press time, Oct. 28, that number had ballooned to 1,604 lung injury cases and 34 deaths across 49 states (all except Alaska); Washington, D.C.; and one U.S. territory, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). While many theories exist about why people are getting sick, no single cause has been verified by government agencies. Meanwhile, licensed manufacturers of cannabis products and state-legal retailers are grappling with a host of supply chain, quality ...

MFM for Bunkering; EU MID and Singapore TR48: The Facts

A response to the article in Ship & Bunker of 6 September 2016, called “MFM Accuracy: Understanding Why Singapore’s TR 48 is Superior to EU MID” by Douglas Raitt of Lloyd’s Register – Asia. Emerson was heavily involved from the beginning (2008) with the introduction of MFM [1] in bunkering applications in Europe and later in Singapore and is therefore well positioned to give a comparison of MID certification in Europe and TR48 certification in Singapore. The MID certification process is a certification process driven by national legislation within EU for measuring equipment, when used in custody transfer. Each country within EU has implemented the Measuring Instruments Directive (MID), as issued by the European Commission, into national legislation to harmonize the requirements between EU countries so that trade barriers are avoided. The MID certification process recognizes two stages, type examination testing and initial verification of each MFM, both performed by an authorized and competent organization. The MID has adopted the technical requirements out of OIML [2] recommendations. OIML R117, “Dynamic measuring systems for liquids other...